For example, in one old newspaper death notice. Tag : a term or keyword assigned to a piece of information - such as an Internet bookmark, digital image, database record or computer file - which helps to describe an item and allows it to be found again by browsing or searching. Humorous out-takes are often called flubs or bloopers. Hard out : In broadcasting, a sudden and inflexible ending of material in a bulletin, usually determined by a fixed-length pre-recorded segment or a pre-programmed computer event. Download : To receive and save a file over the Internet. R-O-S-R - aka Radio On Scene Report - Usually broadcast from the scene as an event happens, or at least recorded at the scene of an event for later broadcast. Some public affairs departments also monitor public opinion.
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Diary : (1) A large book or application on a newsroom computer system into which journalists put information about forthcoming events which might make a story. A style of intro writing in which the main key point is not mentioned until the second or third sentence. Blooper : See out-take below. City Hall) , I'M lena smith FOR THE news AT five-fifty in that order. Some will go in the intro, others into the body of the story. Multi-platform or multiplatform : In journalism, stories that are told using more than one technology platform, each platform chosen to best tell that part of the story. Byline : The writers name, refer newspaper term printed at the beginning or end of an article. A page with 30 text boxes, images, menus and other graphics will count as 30 hits. (2) In computing, the device or program that stores data or websites centrally, making them accessible over the Internet. Keyword : A word that can be used by a search engine to find all references containing. Also called a kicker (see definition 4). See also stock footage. Also used to describe a newspaper style that uses short, simply-written stories and headlines with lots of pictures to illustrate more sensational content.
Stop press : In newspapers, the latest available news just. Often several SOT can be spliced refer newspaper term together with the edits cover with video. (2) Raw, unedited film or video materials. An important or significant story that no other news outlet has. News value : The qualities or criteria that journalists use to assess whether an event, development or opinion is worthy of preparing and presenting as news. Patch : See round. An example would be coverage of a demonstration at City Hall where people are loudly protesting. EZ News the newsroom computer software. PKG) indicating the piece is ending.
Digital media : Media produced and distributed using computers and/or the Internet, as opposed to media either produced using mainly pre-digital processes (e.g. Known as a lead in the. Edition: A newspaper or magazine printed in a single run of the presses. Megapixel (MP) : A million pixels, a measure of the number of pixels in a digital image, the higher the number the clearer and sharper the image. Typeface: In printing, a set of letters, numbers and punctuation marks designed in one particular style. There are currently two quality levels in television, standard definition (sdtv) and high definition (hdtv). Freesheet : A usually cheaper publication that is circulated free readers, making its revenue from advertising or from grants of gifts. Leading question : A question phrased in such a way as to draw out a specific answer wanted by the questioner. Out-take : In broadcasting, recorded material left out of the program that is finally broadcast. At the end of the SOT, the reporter or anchor resumes reading with or without additional video. See also lead (1) spread : Two facing pages in a newspaper or magazine that are designed as one unit of interrelated articles. Compare with closed question above.
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On diary news : A news story scheduled in the newsroom diary for coverage. If words are omitted from within the" used, their absence is signified by ellipsis (three dots.g. They do not go any further into the site. Orphan : A single first line of a paragraph left incomplete at the bottom of a column of text, the rest of the paragraph appearing at the top of the next column of text. Crop : To cut unwanted portions from a photograph for publication. Raw : In broadcast journalism, material before it has been processed, especially edited. See hot metal type. Also called proof readers or copy readers.
Video podcasts are often called vodcasts. Periodical Publishers Association ( PPA An organisation representing British magazine publishers. Also known as upper case. Pica : A unit of measurement for type, approximately.23. Lead story (aka Lead) first story in a newscast or segment (in broadcasting) or a story that is above the fold in print-this considered the most important news story of the day. Sound bite (SOT) - edited slice of a newsmaker speaking. Active proceedings ( sub judice Legal proceedings are said to be active with constraints on reporting, such as contempt laws - when a person has been arrested or charged, or a warrant or summons has been issued. Donut : A television interview in which the studio presenter hands over to a journalist on location who interviews guests before handing back to the presenter in the studio. Throw : Where one person on-air passes (throws) the task of presentation to someone else,.g. News agency wires : See wires below. (2) A virtual world or community created by bloggers and blogging.
Host : (1) The main or central on-air or on-screen person employed in a radio or television program, hosting guests or people on a panel. Google : The worlds most used search engine. Grab : A short piece of recorded sound, usually taken from a longer interview and used in a news item. End or ends : Typed at the end of copy to signify the end of the article and there is no more to come. Narrowcasting : Transmission of information, entertainment etc to a limited audience often sharing a specific interest or locality. Broadcast : Transmission to a large number of people by radio or television. Press conference : See media conference. (2) refer newspaper term Also called fill-in, a short piece of mujsic to fill a gap between program elements. Photoshop : A popular computer program used to edit and organise photographs. Non-linear editing : A television editing technique in which recorded video and audio information is loaded in digital form as separate shots or sequences into individual files (or bins) in an edit suites computer and then pieced together. In long interviews, the camera may cut away to a shot of the interviewer (See noddy ) then return to the interviewee.
Endnote : A paragraph in a different type after the end of an article giving additional information about the writer or the case of a review the publication or performance details. Barb : Broadcasters' Audience Research Board, which compiles television ratings (viewer) statistics in the United Kingdom. There are 12 points in a pica. Slotman : Outdated US term for a senior or chief copy editor who sat in the "slot" at the centre of the copy editors' table. Sub: (1) Short for 'sub-editor' below. Reporters Without Borders : An international, not-for-profit organisation founded in 1985 that fights for press freedom around the world. In-cue : A written note of the first few words of a piece of pre-recorded of audio (report or interview) to signal to the presenter or production staff how it will start. Copy : Written material for publication.
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Hashtag : The # symbol followed by a word or phrase, used to mark a topic in social media messages so people with an interest can find it and other messages like. Drop intro : Also called a delayed intro. Saved copies of published articles, traditionally cut or clipped from the newspaper or magazine itself. Sibilance : Distortion of sounds caused by a person being too close to a microphone when saying words with strong 's 'z 'sh 'ch' or 'zh' sounds. Participants can view and hear streaming media, and may be able to take part in real-time online chats.
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Circulation: Number of copies sold by newspapers and magazines. Independent Television News ( ITN A major supplier of news to independent television companies and other television content distributors in Britain. Upload : See download. Classified refer newspaper term ads : Small newspaper advertisements usually paid for by individuals or small businesses and grouped under different classifications,.g. Satellite television : Television services delivered through satellites, received on the ground by satellite dishes and decoders. Junk mail : Unwanted and unasked for paper messages sent or delivered to peoples physical mail boxes promoting a product or service.
Republican Chronicle (Ithaca, New York, page 3 You may wish to consult one of my early RootsWeb Review articles, Dates and Calendars through the Ages, located at m/pub/review/2007/0606.txt You may also find it helpful to read Quaker Dating before 1752. The whole process is called sensationalising. These are almost always rewritten before airing. Promo : See trail below. Titles : Text which appears on screen at the beginning - and sometimes the end - of a refer newspaper term television program or movie, usually with music in the background. Dump : To drop a caller during a phone-in or talkback program. Also called an anchor. News director : The senior person in a television or radio newsroom, in charge of the news output, usually working with or supervising a news programs executive producer. Used by news stations to show the main headlines of the moment, stock exchange prices, the weather or other useful current information. Contact : A person a reporter will visit or telephone (i.e. Upcut - Turning on the microphone after the anchor has begun speaking or before and anchor/reporter has stopped speaking. Pronouncer - Phonetic spelling of a difficult word or name (i.e.
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Freedom of Information ( FOI Laws which require a government body to release information to the public on request or to state why requested information will not be released. Insert : (1) Additional text inserted into a story after it has been written, usually to give additional details. This is a great clue to steer your family history searches to locations you might not have considered otherwise. Compare with audience share. (2) refer newspaper term Information given to a journalist for use in a story on condition that the source will not be identified.
Digital divide : The gap between people who have access to a wide range of digital communications systems and those who do not for reasons such as income, economic development, education and age. Online : On the Internet or on a web page. Direct" : The exact words used by a person, written within"tion marks and usually attributed to them. See also filter bubble. Acma (Australian Communications and Media Authority) : An Australian statutory authority within the Federal Governments Communications portfolio, established to oversee relevant media and communications legislation, regulations, standards and codes of practice. Cross talk : Interference from one sound source breaking into another. Vodcast : To podcast videos. Wild sound : See natural sound above. It is usually about people or related in some way to their lives. Back bench : American term for senior production journalists on a newspaper. (2) Information on advertising and other service costs made available by media companies to potential advertisers. Citizen journalism is commonly practised through blogs and social networking web sites and not requiring the large resources of media organisations.
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It is regarded as able to achieve faster speeds than systems such as Teeline but is more complex to learn. Director : In TV news, the director is usually a studio director, in charge technically of getting the bulletin to air. The story of a man whos afraid of flowers. Jingle : Short piece of music played on radio to identify a regular feature, program or product being advertised. It is not usually found in the everyday speech of ordinary readers or listeners and so should be avoided in the general media if possible. Ambiance or ambient sound : The background sound in a place where a recording is made,.g. See also background above. Break : (1) A story that is first published while the event is still happening.
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Compare with advocacy journalism. Proof reader : A person who checks typeset proofs and/or refer newspaper term computer printouts to detect errors before the final printing of a publication. Tip : Information given to a reporter about a possible story. Sound Bed - aka: natural sound (natsot) A type of background audio that complements the news report. News feeds - feeds of stories/actualities sent to affiliates by networks for air on the individual stations.
(2) An instruction in a studio or outside broadcast for everyone to prepare to start a live program or recording. Pay TV : A television service which viewers pay to receive, usually by subscription or pay-per-view. New media : Usually defined as media of mass communication that came into being because of computers. (1) A television line-up with additional technical information for studio and control room staff. Rich media : Digital formats such as Flash, Java and dhtml that allow interactive or multimedia content. Correspondent : A journalist who writes from a position of expertise, either in a subject matter or geographical area,.g. Sound on tape ( SOT Sound on a recorded television report, identified as such so a presenter knows when it will start so they do not talk over. Write-off story : A short, front-page version of a story which is repeated in full with more details inside the newspaper. News conference : See media conference. Crossheads often refer newspaper term use a fragment of a strong" from later in the article. Features which are not strongly connected to hard news events are often called soft features.